In Chinese legends, goji berry symbolizes longevity of life. These tiny orange-red color berries obtained from a nightshade family plant growing naturally in many Asian and Mediterranean regions.
Botanically, goji belongs to the Solanaceae (nightshade) family of plants. Wolfberry, matrimony vine are other names to goji. Eggplant, tomato, potato are other interesting family members in this nightshade family. Scientific name: Lycium barbarum.
Goji berry is a deciduous, thick woody vine that prefers loamy, well drained soil. The two common goji cultivars grown in China are L. barabarum, and L. chinense(Chinese wolfberry). L. barbarum or NingXia (Gou Qi) berries considered as the best and most poular in the western world.