One of the popular among everyday fruits, grapes are widely viewed in many cultures as “the queen of fruits” since earlier times. These tiny berries of Europe and Mediterranean regions are the storehouse of numerous health promoting phyto-nutrients such as poly-phenolic antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. No wonder why so many of us often include them in our diet, be it in the form of fresh table fruits, dry fruits, juice, or simply in salads!
Botanically, they are small, round berries growing in clusters on a perennial and deciduous woody vine in the genus, Vitis. Today, they are widely cultivated under supervised orchards and vinyards all around the world.
Commercially, many cultivars of grapes are grown for different purposes either to be eaten as table fruit, fresh or dried (raisin, currant, sultana) or in wine production.